"O inimigo mais perigoso que você poderá encontrar será sempre você mesmo." ( Friedrich Nietzsche )

domingo, 6 de abril de 2008

Piratas – Sua História Através dos Tempos II

A INCRÍVEL HISTÓRIA DE ANNE BONNY & MARY READ
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Ilustração de Anne, numa litografia do Século XVIII

“Anne Bonny e Mary Read (1684-1721) foram as duas piratas femininas mais famosas do Caribe. Ela navegou na tripulação de Jack Morim Rackham. Anne era a amante de Morim mas sobre ela não se poderia dizer que era menos destemida do que qualquer outro pirata. Nasceu no município de Cortiça, filha de um advogado e da sua empregada. O advogado deixou a Irlanda em desgraça mas criou fortuna na Carolina do Norte onde comprou uma grande plantação.
Um pirata com o nome de James Bonny casou-se com Anne numa tentativa de roubar a plantação, mas o pai de Anne deserdou-a. James Bonny levou então Anne para as Bahamas, onde ele se tornou informante do governador Woodes Rogers. Anne repugnava o seu marido covarde e depressa se envolveu com Jack Morim, um pirata de algum renome. O Governador Rogers tinha oferecido uma amnistia recentemente a todos os piratas.
A admiração entre a Anne e Morim era mútua. Morim era um homem bonito que gostava de gastar bem o espólio de guerra. Anne era uma moça bem dotada com um espírito aventureiro e temperamento que se parecia com o de qualquer homem, isto de acordo com as convenções da altura.
Jack Morim ofereceu um valor para comprar Anne ao seu marido James Bonny, mas ele levou o assunto ao Governador Rogers que determinou que Anne seria açoitada e teria que voltar ao marido dela. Uma noite, Jack Morim e Anne passaram despercebidos no porto, roubaram uma embarcação e começaram uma vida de pirataria juntos.
Anne lutou vestindo-se como homem. Era uma perita com pistola e espada e era considerada tão perigosa quanto qualquer pirata masculino. Ela era destemida na batalha e lutava como ninguém.


Em Outubro de 1720, em retribuição ao seu informante, o governador da Jamaica, ouvindo falar na presença de Jack Morim enviou uma embarcação armada para intervir e capturar o Capitão Jack Morim e sua tripulação. O navio “Revange” do capitão Jack Morim, foi capturado de surpresa e para o desânimo de Anne, os piratas lutaram como covardes e estavam perdendo a batalha facilmente.Anne Bonny e Mary Read, também foram capturadas mas confessaram o "sexo" se declararam culpadas e seriam enforcadas depois que elas dessem à luz. (Ambas as mulheres estavam na ocasião grávidas). Mary Read escapou do carrasco morrendo de febre enquanto estava na prisão. Anne porém, recebeu vários despachos de execução antes de desaparecer misteriosamente. Muitos acreditam que Mary Read teria recebido um perdão eventualmente se ela não tivesse morrido de doença.” (Wikipedia)

“Anne Bonny is remembered today as one of the two most well-known women pirates active during the pirates' heyday during the early 18th century. As far as pirates go, she was not that important in plundering and she was not a captain of a vessel like nearly all of the remembered pirates today. She was however, able to hide her true identity by disguising herself as a man since the clothes of the day was often loose and baggy. She also was a good fighter and carried her own weight in sailing and in combat just as well as any of the male crewmen, and in some cases, much better!
Anne Bonny was born near Cork, Ireland to a well respected lawyer but her mother was the family house maid. The lawyer's wife found out of his affair with the maid and in the scandal that followed he lost his law practice. He packed up his belongings and took his new lover and their daughter to start a new life in Carolina where she would now be his true wife.
During this time Anne fell in love with a penniless seaman named James Bonny. She knew her father would not agree to their marriage so they secretly wed hoping her father would have to accept it once it was done. But instead, he was outraged and kicked her out from the household and the newlyweds soon seperated.


The earliest illustration of Anne Bonny from Captain Johnson’s History of the Most Notorious Pyrates. The later 1725 illustrations of Bonny and Read were later amended to make the female pirates
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While at a tavern in the Bahamas in May 1719, she met the pirate Calico Jack and the two soon fell in love. She became pregnant and Calico Jack took her to be cared for by some of his friends in Cuba and after this he convinced her to join his pirate crew disguised as man.
While pirating with her new lover, Bonny became attracted to a new crewman that came aboard from a plundered vessel. Bonny decided to tell the crewman of her true identity and much to her suprise the other crewman revealed she was also a woman, named Mary Read. They decided to tell Calico Jack about Read's secret and apparently he did not mind the second woman crewman. Both Bonny and Read became good friends and when Calico Jack's pirate ship was boarded in October 1720, only the two women tried to fight off the invaders and rally their fellow pirates, but the male crewmen easily surrendered. Their fight was in vain as they were too far outnumbered and were taken prisoner.
The two women had a seperate trial from the men twelve days later on November 28. The men's trial ended with a convition and sentence of death to 12 men including Calico Jack. He was able to see her one last before his execution and she stated to him "that she was sorry to see him there, but if he had fought like a man, he need not have been hanged like a dog." The men were hung the two following days, and soon after the two women would begin their trial. The verdict was the same for them - they would be hanged until dead. The two women then revealed that they were both pregnant and a following examination proved they were so they were both were spared the hangman's noose. What happened to Anne Bonny and her child is not known.Along with Mary Read, Anne Bonny is one of the rare instances in history where a woman's pirate's life is known. The fact that they both were able to hide their sexuality to the crew is amazing; and in the end, the women's brave battle against the boarders while the rest of the crew cowered deserves respect in itself.”
(FortuneCity)
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7 comentários:

coupdecoeur disse...

Hello
a small mark at the time of my passage on your very beautiful blog!
congratulations!
thanks for making us share your moments
you have a translation of my English space!
cordially from France
¸..· ´¨¨)) -:¦:-
¸.·´ .·´¨¨))
((¸¸.·´ ..·´ -:¦:-
-:¦:- ((¸¸.·´* ~ Chris ~ -:¦:-
http://SweetMelody.bloguez.com

Neide disse...

Merci pour la visite, mon ami...Je suis un passionné par les Arts, c'est un plaisir sa présence.

Étreintes fraternelles...

GRAVETOS & BERLOTAS disse...

Oi, menina Neide!
Passei pra tomar um cafezinho e dou de cara com um tema interessante desses e aí...comi umas torradas, uns bolinhos de fubá, uns pés-de-moleque,...
Bjsões procêis!

Neide disse...

Hahahahahaha...que surpresa boa...bom, nem preciso dizer que a casa está sempre com as portas escancaradas pra você, amigo!

Beijos e abraços em vocês, saudades!

ribeirorock disse...

adoro vc neide iste post dos piratas fez me sentir de minhas raizes piratas messmo.

saiba corazon tuda minha vontade esta fijada agora na recuperacion da saude de meu querido filho David e seu post ( rozando a perfecion como sempre vc fez ) me deu animo e alegria .

muitas gracias querida Neide

Neide disse...

Miguel mon ange, eu compreendo perfeitamente, afinal também tenho uma filha...como lhe disse antes, estou mentalizando sempre pela recuperação dele, e sei que ele vai conseguir, tenha fé nisso
mon cher...estamos todos do seu lado, também te adoro muito!

Beijos, muita energia positiva na sua vida!

Anônimo disse...

This part was of interest to me -

< He was able to see her one last before his execution and she stated to him "that she was sorry to see him there, but if he had fought like a man, he need not have been hanged like a dog." >

Bonny & Read were truly braver than the men, the showed much courage -

Captain Spankie